Coenzyme Q, also known as ubiquinone, is a coenzyme family that is ubiquitous in animals and most bacteria (hence the name ubiquinone). In humans, the most common form is Coenzyme Q10 or ubiquinone-10. CoQ10 is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of any medical condition; however, it is sold as a dietary supplement and is an ingredient in some cosmetics.
It is a 1,4-benzoquinone, where Q refers to the quinone chemical group and 10 refers to the number of isoprenyl chemical subunits in its tail. In natural ubiquinones, the number can be anywhere from 6 to 10. This family of fat-soluble substances, which resemble vitamins, is present in all respiring eukaryotic cells, primarily in the mitochondria. It is a component of the electron transport chain and participates in aerobic cellular respiration, which generates energy in the form of ATP. Ninety-five percent of the human body‘s energy is generated this way. Organs with the highest energy requirements—such as the heart, liver, and kidney—have the highest CoQ10 concentrations.
Coenzyme Q10 is a fat-soluble steroid compound found in nature. Its structure is similar to that of vitamin K and vitamin E. It also a participant in the energy production in human cells, is the most effective antioxidant component of preventing arteriosclerosis.
Coenzyme Q10 is a vitamin-like substance present in every cell of the body and serves as a coenzyme for several of the key enzymatic steps in the production of energy within the cell, and it also functions as an antioxidant with potential use as adjuvant therapy in heart disease and protects neurons against age-related degeneration.
Benefits of Coenzyme Q10:
- It May Help Treat Heart Failure
- It Could Help With Fertility
- It Might Help Keep Your Skin Young
- It Could Reduce Headaches
- It Could Help With Exercise Performance
- It Could Help With Diabetes
- It Might Play a Role in Cancer Prevention
- It Is Good for the Brain
- CoQ10 Could Protect the Lungs